Types of Land Surveying Equipment
Land surveying can be categorized as one of the ancient arts known to man. It is there in the historical records that deal with human evolution. Its main goal is measure magnitudes on the land. Measurement of heights and distances are some of the activities that are involved in the land surveying. Land can be mentioned as one of the vital resources available. The increase in population has made the need for survey in the current world grow. Subdivision of the land parcels so that people may get ownership titles deeds. Land surveyors are the individuals who are trained to carry out land surveying Land surveyors must be conversant with the different surveying equipment. There are several lands surveying equipment’s that are used today. One of the initial tools is chain and the tape.
They are mostly used in land distance measurements of predetermined points. They are still used today despite the fact that they are very old in land survey. Theodolites are another tool that is used for land survey. Theodolites are used to calculate the bearing on predetermined lines. One must make use of the controls when using theodolites. These are commonly called traverse controls. They are established through the process of leveling. The level is the leveling instrument used. One can get very many types of level including the digital and the analog ones. Levels create controls that are the basis of any land survey. Other type of land survey instrument is the total station. It measures distance electronically using the EDM. Distances and bearings are measured at the same time. There is a reflector that is used in conjunction with the total station as a target. Laser beam is the technology that is employed.
As technology advanced modern equipment have been innovated. For instances the GPS that stands for global position system. GPS are very new inventions and occur in different versions. They use satellite in the process of measurement. One of the most commonly used is the Trimble GPS. It has high precision levels and highly portable than other land surveying equipment. They have an inbuilt software that is used to do all the land surveying jobs. Their interface is user-friendly. The GPS will provide storage space for all the data that is got in ground survey. External storage devices can be used in the storage. The use of GPS in land survey has highly revolutionized the field. They are very portable, and they can do land surveying very fast. There are some factors that are to be put in mind when purchasing the land surveying tools. Know the type of survey to be undertaken. Check to ascertain which degree of accuracy has to be achieved in the land surveying process. One of the main factors that will determine the quality of results is the choice of equipment.